Vertebral fractures in osteoporosis Vertebral compression fractures are a common complication of osteoporosis. They are generally accompanied by severe pain which is seldom controlled by conservative therapeutic options. Since 2000 a new, innovative surgical technique is available for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures: the balloon kyphoplasty. With this minimally invasive approach the compressed vertebral body can be directly re-erected and stabilized with viscous bone cement. Hence patients are readily relieved from pain and regain mobility. There are still patients with vertebral compression fractures that have to undergo longsome conservative therapy (application of a corset, analgesic drugs, and immobilization) which further adds to the vicious cycle of lack of physical activity and osteoporosis. In the APEX SPINE Center this surgical intervention is routinely carried out with all state-of-the-art precautionary measures.